Arthritis essentially means joint inflammation. There are multiple potential causes for arthritis.  Sudden trauma or injury can cause inflammation and swelling inside of a joint. Certain conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and gout cause joint inflammation. Degenerative changes of the protective cartilage in the joints and spine are normal “wear and tear” changes that occur in everyone over time. The term arthritis often refers to these changes but many people can develop these changes without having joint pain or inflammation. However, due to the breakdown of cartilage, the joints do not move as smoothly as usual. This abnormal motion, along with any sudden or repetitive stress to the joints, can result in inflammation. 


  • Swollen joint
  • Throbbing
  • Stiffness
  • Reduced range of motion
  • Pain with movement or putting weight on the joint
  • Warmth or redness around the joint
  • Tenderness with touching the joint


  • R.I.C.E
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Steroid injections
  • Physical therapy
  • Laser therapy
  • Rest with gradual movement of the joint as tolerated
  • Ice
  • Compression with an ace wrap or brace
  • Elevation

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